The t-shirts that we can see inside the stores, concerts, websites or as souvenirs, nowadays they are produced in large or small quantities depending on what the client wants. With this also the printing methods for each project may be different, however there are aspects that all methods have and these are the way in which the design is presented to the workshop or company in charge of printing.
In this case we will review the printing methods that can be used on the t-shirts. We will also take a look at the printing area that each one has to help you better plan the designs, the resolution in which the files should be sent, which files can be used for reproduction and colors.
- DIGITAL PRINTING
- FULL PRINT SUBLIMATION
- AREAL SUBLIMATION
- CUT VINYL
- TRANSFER PAPER
Image Resolution: Most images should be at 300 dpi. Remember these images are going to be printed; therefore they need to be in a high quality. The best advice is to use the photographs at real size, always manipulate the files to the size that will be used when the material is reproduced. If the file is too large, only then, can the resolution be reduced in half, in this case 150dpi, but the image is 200% larger.
Another option to prevent images from being pixelated is to use vectors. Programs such as Adobe Illustrator use vectors which helps the design to keep smooth and continuous strokes. It is best to be able to deliver all the files as vectors (the text or illustrations) so that the person in charge of handling the files does not have changes in the files or the design gets pixelated.
Colors: Most printing methods use CMYK colors to reproduce the design on t-shirts, however RGB colors can also be used in some cases. Keep in mind that digital printers or transfer paper printers, for example, may have different color implementation settings, which means that the end result may vary. To avoid this, we recommend using Pantone colors in any type of textile printing, including t-shirts.
Rasterize Image Processing (RIP): Something that serves as a control before reproducing something is the RIP software, which can inform the operator when a series of images do not have the correct resolution, size and colors, giving a gap for the workshop to inform the client about such thing.
Printing Instructions: When you send your files or the client gives you print files, always verify that the reproduction instructions are clear and that there are no doubts, and don’t assume anything. Having a constant and clear communication between the client and the workshop is a good practice, it can be annoying sometimes, but with this you can save time, money and resources, even save jobs. Keep a nice communication between you and the client.
Although these recommendations are often basic, we tend to forget them or not pay attention to them, we hope this article helps you keep in mind the basis for a good production of t-shirts.