More and more artists are including fine art giclée reproductions of their art, as part of their routine production these days. Why? It used so that if you sell a piece, that’s it, it’s gone. Money stops there and only one buyer can appreciate this work of art. But you have asked yourself, what do artists need to produce a giclée print? What types of printers can I use? Here are some tips that are useful to discover this process and the options you have.
Types of Giclée Photography
- Photographs printed directly from the original (usually called digital photographs of the original).
- Photographs that have been manipulated or enhanced with the use of Photoshop, Lightroom or other editing software before printing.
- Photographs that have been manipulated or improved after printing.
The material and the finish
A key point and can make a difference in the quality and authenticity of prints and works of art is finishing of the media.
Matte: Matte papers come in a wide variety of textures, from ultra-soft to textured. These papers do not show any reflection and work well in frames with a protective glass and under bright lights.
Glossy: These papers have a reflective coating that gives prints on glossy paper a resplendent appearance. This coating can function as a protective layer between the ink and the oils, avoiding direct contact with the hands.
The difference between these materials is its sensitivity to the marks fingers and dust leave onto the prints. The most important thing is that this material should last at least eight many years so it can be considered giclée.
It is important to highlight that each of these tips will apply depending on your project and your needs, definitely the brightness is one of the factors that influence how your piece looks in a certain environment.
- Use a glossier paper when you print very bright and vivid colors. These colors will appear even more vivid on a paper with greater luminosity.
- Use a paper with low gloss when printing very light colors. If you print very light colors on paper that is too bright, it will appear to be fading.
- Use medium gloss paper when your work has a mixture of light and dark colors.
How can we make Giclée
To be able to make a high quality print, the camera or the scanner that is used to capture or scan the art must be set at a high level of resolution. Most digital photos are recorded at a resolution of 72 dpi on the screen, the image file for a giclée print must be at least 300 dpi, since the more dots of color can be printed in a small area, more detail your printed image will have.
Another important detail is to know the different types of inks that exist and what features they have, this information must also be available to the buyer so he/she knows where to place it. For giclée prints one of the requirements is that they should be printed using pigment inks. Some inks, particularly those based on dyes, may fade over time and should be kept out of direct sunlight, or at least behind UV protection. Other important points are:
- Make sure that the printer that you use to print giclée has photographic resolution.
- Some specialists agree on a series of steps for this process, the first is to have a printed test which the artist used as a reference to see that all the details are fine specially that the color matches the original. When this proof is approved a file is created for printing, another file is created to go along with this one, to indicate number copies if it is a limited edition, media type and finishing indications.