Wallpaper began as a substitute for expensive tapestry until it gradually evolved, developed and became an important element in the world of interior decoration, enriching the interior and some times exterior walls of architectural structures.
Earlier methods used to produce wallpaper were limited to the width of the paper and the weight of wood block that the printer could work with.
The invention of the first machine for printing colored sheets of wallpaper is attributed to Christophe-Philippe Oberkampf and later redesigned and modified by Nicolas Louis Robert to create a machine for using continuous paper.
Current printing technology and advances in digital photography allows us replicate any digital image and print it into wallpaper (or in a wide variety of substrates) reproducing any style of any period of our choice. Wallpaper printing techniques include surface printing, gravure printing, silk screen-printing, rotary printing, and digital printing.
The main component is cellulose and it can be single or double layered. It’s very affordable and accessible and widely used for bedrooms and dining rooms.
Textured and embossed wallpapers add depth and an interesting contrast to plain walls.
Non-wovens are made of a special blend of natural and synthetic fibers, making them washable.
Can be made of silk, cotton, linen, felt, raffia and twines.
The most common and economical wall covering for residential use is pre-pasted vinyl coated paper, commonly called “strippable”. It consists of a backing layer, paper or fiber, and a plastic upper coating.
Modern digital inkjet printing technologies using different types of inkjet inks are being used for custom wallpaper production. Very small runs can be made; new designs can be produced and tested easily and quickly for individual clients.
In recent years the demand for more creative designs and more modern but ecofriendly materials that meet daily needs has increased. The easy access to new substrates as well as to new printing systems allows to satisfy this demand and still leaving room for new applications through the use of digital printing technology.
New latex inks allow us to decorate indoor environments even in hospitals without worrying about the toxic fumes. UV and UV-LED printers open us to new printing possibilities on almost on all types of materials (from PVC to wooden doors). Textile printers allow us to print complex designs on different types of fabric that we can combine even with the clothes we wear.